Green technology is the application of one or more environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring, and electronic devices to monitor, model, and conserve the natural environment and resources and curb the negative impacts of human involvement. The term also describes sustainable energy generation technologies such as photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, etc. Sustainable development is the core of environmental technologies.
The term green technology is also used to describe a class of electronic devices that can promote sustainable management of resources including biodegradable material usage. The field of “green technology” encompasses a continuously evolving group of methods and materials, from techniques for generating energy to non-toxic cleaning products. The current expectation is that this field will bring innovation and changes into daily life, similar to the “information technology” explosion over the last two decades. It is impossible to predict what “green technology” may eventually encompass in these early stages. The goals that inform developments in this rapidly growing field include:
How does green technology help in terms of Innovation and Progress?
- Sustainability – meeting the needs of society in ways that can continue indefinitely into the future without damaging or depleting natural resources—in short, meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
- “Cradle to cradle” design – ending the “cradle to grave” cycle of manufactured products by creating products that can be fully reclaimed or re-used.
- Source reduction – reducing waste and pollution by changing production and consumption patterns.
- Innovation – developing alternatives to technologies – fossil fuel or chemical intensive agriculture – that have been demonstrated to damage health and the environment.
- Viability – creating a center of economic activity around technologies and products that benefit the environment, speeding their implementation, and starting new careers that truly protect the planet.
How does Green Technology help across various scientific fields?
- Energy: Perhaps the most urgent issue for green technology includes the development of alternative fuels, new means of generating energy, and energy efficiency.
- Green building: Green building encompasses everything from the choice of building materials to where a building is located.
- Environmentally preferred purchasing: This government innovation involves the search for products whose contents and production methods have a possible minor impact on the environment and mandates that these be the preferred products for government purchasing.
- Green chemistry: The invention, design, and application of chemical products and processes reduce or eliminate hazardous substances’ use and generation.
- Green nanotechnology: Nanotechnology involves the manipulation of materials at the scale of the nanometer, one billionth of a meter. Some scientists believe that mastery of this subject is forthcoming that will transform the way that everything in the world is manufactured. “Green nanotechnology” applies green chemistry and green engineering principles to this field.
How Does Green Technology Help
- It minimizes the degradation of the environment: Green Technology helps to reduce environmental degradation and thus helps preserve it.
- It has a zero or low greenhouse gas (GHG) emission: Following Green Technology is advantageous because the greenhouse gas emission is minimal and zero in some cases.
- It is safe for use and promotes a healthy and improved environment for all life forms: Green technology is highly secure for usage. It is easy to use and apply in our regular lives. The atmosphere it promotes is healthy.
- It conserves energy and natural resources: As we all know, green technology promotes the sustainable use of resources. Hence, it aims at minimal wastage of non-renewable resources like energy and fuel.
- It promotes the use of renewable resources.
- It helps to solve the problems of destruction of the environment and natural resources
- It helps to increase health levels and the quality of life
- It helps to conserve the ecosystem as well as costs to the government in overcoming the adverse effects of development
- It is an alternative to improving the national economy without harming the environment
- Probably most well-known as “global warming,” the science behind climate change is one of the most hotly debated topics among many people today. Although it is often a vast motivator behind the green movement, some still fail to acknowledge its validity, and others feel helpless. Very few ask the fundamental question: Man-made or not, does it matter?
- The Economy: Choosing a sustainable lifestyle will impact your choices as a consumer. For some of us, the positive impact of living and sustainability is increased by the effect on our local economy. For instance, buying from local farms means supporting neighbors whose success is directly related to your and the environment’s health.
- Climate Change: Probably most well-known as “global warming,” the science behind climate change is one of the most hotly debated topics among many people today. Although it is often a vast motivator behind the green movement, there are still those who fail to acknowledge its validity, many others who feel helpless, and very few who ask the fundamental question: Man-made or not, does it matter
Conclusion on Green Technology
We live in a closed biosphere; we only have one planet and need it to live. Despite what commercials say, going green isn’t about buying the latest gadget or bamboo linens; it is about making sustainable choices. We need to reduce pollution; we are running out of clean drinkable water, our air is making us sicker, and the amount of land where we can grow food is shrinking. We need to find new energy sources, oil or petroleum is highly polluting and will run out, and before it does, we will fight wars for control of it if we are still dependent on it. We need to conserve resources for two reasons.
We rely on many of them to survive, like trees, not only for shelter but to create oxygen, and the other is we are running out of places to bury the waste. We have new landfills being built yearly, and we are limited on where they can go. On the East coast, where the population is denser many states have two options, burn it and contribute to more air pollution or ship it to another state and pay a lot more for waste removal.
Another area to consider is our food, more of it is manufactured instead of grown, and all these empty calories are killing us. We have a massive increase in obesity and all the diseases that go with it. For the 1st time in history, our children have a shorter life expectancy than we do. Not to mention the amount we waste and the worldwide impact of our eating habits, all the rain forests being clear-cut to make way for our crops when we have the resources to grow the food here. I eat a local, organic diet to have a healthier, more nutritious lifestyle, reduce the transportation effects of my food, and support my local economy.